The human body as well as that of other animals (Species) is highly structured into organs and tissues which serve specific functions. Tissue is the organizational level intermediate between cells and organs system which compose the whole organism. All the tissues and cell types defined in an animal organism are hierarchical structured and shall be fully described. o

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  • name description synonyms
    head The rostral part that usually comprises the brain, eyes, ears, nose and mouth (all of which aid with some sensory function) [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Head].
    malpighian tubule The malphighian tubule system is a type of excretory and osmoregulatory system found in some Atelocerata, arachnids and tardigrades. They consists of branching tubulues extending from the alimentary canal that absorbs solutes, water, and wastes from the surrounding hemolymph [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malpighian_tubule_system]. malpighian tubule system
    fatbody 1. A food reserve of fatty tissue in the larval stages of certain insects. 2. A mass of fatty tissue located near the genital glands in some amphibians, including the frogs and toads.
    gut A gut is a tube by which bilaterian animals transfer food to the digestion organs [Ruppert, E.E., Fox, R.S., and Barnes, R.D. (2004). "Introduction to Eumetazoa". Invertebrate Zoology (7 ed.). Brooks / Cole. pp. 99–103. ISBN 0-03-025982-7] alimentary canal; alimentary tract
    thoracic muscle The main thoracic muscles consist of the intercostal muscles, diaphragm and transversus thoracis and plays a role in breathing [http://www.kidport.com/reflib/science/HumanBody/MuscularSystem/ThoracicMuscles.htm].
    germline The germline of a mature or developing individual is the line (sequence) of germ cells that have genetic material that may be passed to a child [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germline]
    neurons Multiple nerve cells. nerve cells
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    Cochlear nerve The cochlear nerve (also auditory or acoustic nerve) is one of two parts of the vestibulocochlear nerve, a cranial nerve present in higher vertebrates. The cochlear nerve carries sound waves from the cochlea of the inner ear directly to the brain. The other portion of the vestibulocochlear nerve is the vestibular nerve, which carries spatial orientation information to the brain from the semicircular canals.
    anatomical site A defined structural or conceptional component of an organism [Daniel Wuttke].
    head and neck Head and neck anatomy focuses on the structures of the head and neck of the human body, including the brain, bones, muscles, blood vessels, nerves, glands, nose, mouth, teeth, tongue, and throat. It is an area frequently studied in depth by surgeons, dentists, dental technicians, and speech language pathologists [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Head_and_neck_anatomy].
    thorax 1: The part of the mammalian body between the neck and the abdomen; also: its cavity in which the heart and lungs lie.n2: The middle of the three chief divisions of the body of an insect; also: the corresponding part of a crustacean or an arachnid [Brenda].
    abdomen 1: The part of the body between the thorax and the pelvis; also: the cavity of this part of the trunk containing the chief viscera.n2: The posterior section of the body behind the thorax in an arthropod [Brenda].
    pelvis The inferior portion of the trunk of the body, bounded anteriorly and laterally by the two hip bones and posteriorly by the sacrum and coccyx. The pelvis is divided by a plane passing through the terminal lines into the pelvis major superiorly and the pelvis minor inferiorly [Brenda].
    perineum In human anatomy, the perineum (Late Latin, from Greek περίνεος - perineos) is a region of the body including the perineal body and surrounding structures. There is some variability in how the boundaries are defined, but the term generally includes the genitals and anus [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perineum].
    upper limb The upper limb or upper extremity is the region in an animal extending from the deltoid region to the hand, including the arm, axilla and shoulder [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_limb].
    lower limb The lower limb is a limb of the body [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lower_limb]. According to Terminologia Anatomica, it includes the pelvic girdle, buttocks, hip, and thigh, as well as the components distal to the knee [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lower_limb].
    whole body The main part of an animal body especially as distinguished from limbs and head [Brenda].
    cardiovascular system The system of heart and blood vessels [Brenda].
    heart 1: A hollow muscular organ of vertebrate animals that by its rhythmic contraction acts as a force pump maintaining the circulation of the blood.n2: A structure in an invertebrate animal functionally analogous to the vertebrate heart [Brenda].
    atrium In the heart, the atrium is an upper chamber found on both sides of the heart. The left atrium receives red, oxygenated blood from the lungs by way of the pulmonary veins. The right atrium receives dark red blood from the other parts of the body [Brenda].
    ventricle In the heart, a ventricle is one of two large chambers that collect and expel blood received from an atrium towards the peripheral beds within the body and lungs [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ventricle_(heart)].
    endocardium A thin serous membrane lining the cavities of the heart [Brenda].
    myocardium The middle and thickest layer of the heart wall, composed of cardiac muscle [Brenda].
    pericardium 1: The conical sac of serous membrane that encloses the heart and the roots of the great blood vessels of vertebrates.n2: A cavity or space that contains the heart of an invertebrate and in arthropods is a part of the hemocoel [Brenda].
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