Authors: Fan L; Zheng S; Wang X
Abstract: Membrane disruption has been proposed to be a key event in plant senescence, and phospholipase D (PLD; EC 184.108.40.206) has been thought to play an important role in membrane deterioration. We recently cloned and biochemically characterized three different PLDs from Arabidopsis. In this study, we investigated the role of the most prevalent phospholipid-hydrolyzing enzyme, PLD alpha, in membrane degradation and senescence in Arabidopsis. The expression of PLD alpha was suppressed by introducing a PLD alpha antisense cDNA fragment into Arabidopsis. When incubated with abscisic acid and ethylene, leaves detached from the PLD alpha-deficient transgenic plants showed a slower rate of senescence than did those from wild-type and transgenic control plants. The retardation of senescence was demonstrated by delayed leaf yellowing, lower ion leakage, greater photosynthetic activity, and higher content of chlorophyll and phospholipids in the PLD alpha antisense leaves than in those of the wild type. Treatment of detached leaves with abscisic acid and ethylene stimulated PLD alpha expression, as indicated by increases in PLD alpha mRNA, protein, and activity. In the absence of abscisic acid and ethylene, however, detached leaves from the PLD alpha-deficient and wild-type plants showed a similar rate of senescence. In addition, the suppression of PLD alpha did not alter natural plant growth and development. These data suggest that PLD alpha is an important mediator in phytohormone-promoted senescence in detached leaves but is not a direct promoter of natural senescence. The physiological relevance of these findings is discussed.Keywords: Abscisic Acid/*pharmacology; Amino Acid Sequence; Arabidopsis/*drug effects/*enzymology/growth & development; DNA, Antisense/genetics/pharmacology; Ethylenes/*pharmacology; Membrane Lipids/metabolism; Phospholipase D/*antagonists & inhibitors/genetics/metabolism; Plant Leaves/drug effects/enzymology/growth & development; RNA, Messenger/genetics/metabolism; RNA, Plant/genetics/metabolism
Journal: The Plant cell
Date: Jan. 23, 1998
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Fan L, Zheng S, Wang X (1997) Antisense suppression of phospholipase D alpha retards abscisic acid- and ethylene-promoted senescence of postharvest Arabidopsis leaves. The Plant cell 9: 2183-96.