Authors: Lu MH; Warbritton A; Tang N; Bucci TJ
Abstract: Dietary restriction (DR) delays the onset of aging and lowers the incidence of both spontaneous and chemically induced cancers. The inhibition of cell proliferation has been suggested as a possible mechanism for this effect. We examined the effect of DR on cell proliferation in duodenum, forestomach, glandular stomach, and liver tissues of male Fischer 344 rats receiving 60% of the control feed intake for 24 months starting at 16 weeks of age. Rats were sacrificed, when 28 months old. Tissues were collected, histologically prepared, and stained immunohistochemically for proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). The PCNA-stained nuclei are detected in different phases of the cell cycle. A minimum sample of 2000 cells was counted in liver. The percentage of labeled S-phase cells per total cells counted was used as the labeling index for liver. The number of labeled S-phase epithelial cells per 1.1 mm of basement membrane or muscularis mucosa was used as the labeling index for duodenum, forestomach, and glandular stomach. Cell proliferation in glandular stomach and liver tissues was inhibited in rats DR for 24 months; however, cell proliferation in duodenum and forestomach mucosal tissues was unexpectedly enhanced by DR. These results indicated that while DR inhibits cell proliferation in tissues of rats, it is tissue-dependent. The decreased rate of cell division by DR in the designated tissues could be implicated in lowering the conversion of endogenous DNA damage or lesions to mutation and cancer.Keywords: Animals; Body Weight; Cell Division; Duodenum/*cytology; Food Deprivation/*physiology; Immunoenzyme Techniques; Liver/*cytology; Male; Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/analysis; Rats; Rats, Inbred F344; Staining and Labeling/methods; Stomach/*cytology
Journal: Mechanisms of ageing and development
Date: Dec. 18, 2001
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Lu MH, Warbritton A, Tang N, Bucci TJ (2002) Dietary restriction alters cell proliferation in rats: an immunohistochemical study by labeling proliferating cell nuclear antigen. Mechanisms of ageing and development 123: 391-400.