Authors: Axelrod A; Rine J
Abstract: The mating-type genes at MAT in Saccharomyces cerevisiae are expressed, whereas the same genes located at HML and HMR are transcriptionally repressed. The DNA element responsible for repression at HMR has been termed a silencer and contains an autonomous replication sequence, a binding site for GRFI/RAPI, and a binding site for ABFI. A double-mutant HMR-E silencer that contains single nucleotide substitutions in both the GRFI/RAPI- and ABFI-binding sites no longer binds either factor in vitro, nor represses transcription at HMR in vivo. In MAT alpha cells, this derepression of a information results in a nonmating phenotype. Second-site suppressor mutations were isolated that restored the alpha mating phenotype to MAT alpha cells containing the double-mutant silencer. One of these suppressors, designated sas1-1, conferred a temperature-sensitive lethal phenotype to the cell. SAS1 was found to be identical to CDC7, a gene which encodes a protein kinase required for the initiation of DNA replication. This new allele of CDC7 was designated cdc7-90. cdc7-90 restored the alpha mating phenotype by restoring silencing. The original allele of CDC7, isolated on the basis of the cell cycle phenotype it confers, also restored silencing, and overexpression of CDC7 interfered with silencing. cdc7-90 did not restore detectable binding of GRFI/RAPI or ABFI to the double-mutant silencer in vitro. These results indicate that a reduced level of CDC7 function restores silencing to a locus defective in binding two factors normally required for silencing.Keywords: *Crosses, Genetic; *Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal; *Genes, Fungal; *Genes, Mating Type, Fungal; *Genes, Suppressor; Genotype; Protein Kinases/*genetics/metabolism; Repressor Proteins/*metabolism; Saccharomyces cerevisiae/*genetics; Suppression, Genetic; *Transcription, Genetic
Journal: Molecular and cellular biology
Date: Feb. 1, 1991
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Axelrod A, Rine J (1991) A role for CDC7 in repression of transcription at the silent mating-type locus HMR in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Molecular and cellular biology 11: 1080-91.