Abstract: The emergence of immune disorders in aging is explained by many factors, including thymus dysfunction, decrease in the proportion and function of naive T cells, and so forth. There are several approaches to preventing these changes, such as thymus rejuvenation, stem cells recovery, modulation of hormone production, and others. Our investigations of heterochronic parabiosis have shown that benefits of a young immune system, e.g., actively working thymus and regular migration of young hematopoietic stem cells between parabiotic partners, appeared unable to restore the immune system of the old partner. At the same time, we have established a progressive immune impairment in the young heterochronic partners. The mechanism of age changes in the immune system in this model, which may lead to reduced life expectancy, has not been fully understood. The first age-related manifestation in the young partners observed 3 weeks after the surgery was a dramatic increase of CD8(+)44(+) cells population in the spleen. A detailed analysis of further changes revealed a progressive decline of most immunological functions observable for up to 3 months after the surgery. This article reviews possible mechanisms of induction of age-related changes in the immune system of young heterochronic partners. The data obtained suggest the existence of certain factors in the old organisms that trigger aging, thus preventing the rejuvenation process.Keywords: *Aging; *Aging, Premature; Animals; Antigens, CD44/biosynthesis; CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/cytology; Cell Proliferation; Disease Models, Animal; Female; Flow Cytometry/methods; Hematopoietic Stem Cells/cytology; Immune System; Male; Mice; Parabiosis; Phagocytosis; *Rejuvenation; Spleen/metabolism; T-Lymphocytes/*cytology; Thymus Gland/physiology; Time Factors
Journal: Rejuvenation research
Date: April 27, 2012
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Pishel I, Shytikov D, Orlova T, Peregudov A, Artyuhov I, Butenko G (2012) Accelerated aging versus rejuvenation of the immune system in heterochronic parabiosis. Rejuvenation research 15: 239-48.