• name effect species mean median maximum
    Drd4 knockout Drd4 knockout mice, when compared with wild-type and heterozygous mice, display a 7 - 9.7% decrease in lifespan, reduced spontaneous locomotor activity, and no lifespan increase when reared in an enriched environment [23283341]. Mouse -7 to -9.7
    Foxm1 deletion Deletion of Foxm1 causes age-related deterioration in liver regeneration [14647066]. Mouse
    Fgf23 knockout Fgf23 knockouts have a short lifespan and display premature aging-like symptoms including kyphosis, muscle wasting, osteopenia, emphysema, uncoordinated movement, atherosclerosis, and atrophy of the intestinal villi, skin, thymus, and spleen [16436465]. Lack of Fgf23 activities results in extensive premature aging-like features and early mortality of Fgf-23(-/-) mice, while restoring the systemic effects of FGF-23 significantly ameliorates these phenotypes, with the resultant effect being improved growth, restored fertility, and significantly prolonged survival of double mutants [18729070]. Mouse
    Efemp1 knockout Efemp1 knockout mice exhibited an early onset of aging-associated phenotypes including a 20% shorted median lifespan and 30% shorter maximum lifespan, decreased body mass, lordokyphosis, reduced hair growth, and atrophy [17872905]. Mouse +20 +30
    Cdkn1a knockout Deletion of Cdkna1 (alias p21) prolongs the lifespan of telomerase-deficient mice with dysfunctional telomeres and improves the repopulation capacity and self-renewal of hematopoietic stem cells [17143283]. The p21(-/-) strains like the Cdkn1a(tmi/Tyj) exhibits enormous regenerative capacities as it closes ear holes similar to MRL mice [20231440; 21722344]. Mouse
    Casp-2 deficiency Loss of caspase-2 resulted in a shortened (10%) maximum lifespan and in enhanced aging-related traits such as impaired hair growth, increased bone loss, and reduced body fat content [17188333]. Mouse -10
    Brca1 deletion Deletion of Brca1 causes senescence in mutant embryos and cultured cells and tumorigenesis and signs of premature aging in adults [12533509]. Brca1 heterozygous seem to have shortened lifespan with 70% of tumor incidence. Lymphoma, but not ovarian and mammary gland tumors, occurs commonly in these animals. After a whole-body exposure to ionizing radiation, Brca1 heterozygous mice have a 3-5-fold higher incidence to ovarian tumors, but not lymphoma, when compared with Brca1(+/+) mice [17420720]. Mouse
    Bax knockout Inactivation of proapoptotic Bax extends fertile potential and minimized age-related health problems, including bone and muscle loss, excess fat deposition, alopecia, cataracts, deafness, increased anxiety, and selective attention deficit. Bax deficiency does not lead to an increase in tumor incidence. Despite the apparently increased quality of life of aging females lacing Bax, there is no significant differences in overall lifespan [17360389]. Mouse
    Atr knockout Deletion of Atr in young adults eliminates 80-90% of proliferating cells and results in several age-related phenotypes accompanied by a depletion of stem and progenitor cells and exhaustion of tissue renewal and homeostatic capacity [18371340]. Atr mutant mice (so called Seckle mice) exhibit high levels of replicative stress during embryogenesis, when proliferation is widespread, but this is reduced to marginal amounts in postnatal life. In spite of this decrease, adult Seckel mice display accelerated aging, which is further aggravated in the absence of p53. Seckel mice die in less than half a year, exhibit pancytopenia, cachexia and signs of premature aging, including hair graying, kyphosis, osteoporosis, accumulation of fat in the bone marrow, decreased density of hair follicles and thinner epidermis [19620979]. Mouse
    Atm knockout Atm-deficient mice are viable, retarded in growth, infertile (male produce no mature sperm and female no gametes), display neurological dysfunction, and exhibit severe defects in T cell maturation while going on to develop thymomas [8917548; 8689683]. The majority of mutant mice rapidly develop thymic lymphomas and die before 4 months of age [8843194]. Cells of Atm(-/-) mice exhibit slow growth also in culture and premature senescence, telomeres are extensively shortened in multiple tissues [8689683]. Mice mutant for Atm and Terc display progressive multi-organ system compromise and features of accelerated aging [12540856]. Mouse
    Arhgap1 knockout Most Ahrgap1 knockout mice are weak and die during the neonatal period. Animals that survived have a shorter lifespan (median lifespan is 12 months) and show premature aging-like phenotypes, including a reduction in body mass, a loss of subdermal adipose tissue, lordokyphosis, and osteoporosis [17227869]. Mouse
    Bub1b mutation The median and maximum lifespan of mice with a nonsense mutation 2211insGTTA in BubR1 is significantly reduced. BubR1(+/GTTA) mice develop several aging-related phenotypes at an accelerated rate, including catarct formation, lordokyphosis, skeletal muscle wasting, impaired exercise ability, and fat loss. Further BubR1(+/GTTA) mice develop mild anaplodies and exhibit enhanced growth of carcinogen-induced tumors [Wijshake et al. 2012]. Mouse
    Wrn mutation Mice lacking the helicase domain fo the WRN ortholog exhibit many phenotypic features of Werner Syndrom, including a pro-oxidant status and a shorter mean lifespan. Mice with a deletion in the helicase domain [9789047] recapitulates most of the Werner syndrome phenotypes, including an abnormal hyaluronic acid excretion, higher reactive oxygen species levels, dyslipidemia, increased genomic instability, and cancer incidence. Wrn(Dehl/Dehl) mutant mice have a 10 - 15% decrease in their mean lifespan [12707040; 19741171]. Mouse -10 to -15
    Ctf1 knockout Absence of Ctf1 is associated with decreased arterial fibrosis, stiffness mad senescence and increased longevity. Ctf1-null mice have a decrease in arterial stiffness and decrease in levels of inflammatory, apoptotic and senescence, whereas telomere-linked and DNA repair proteins as well as antioxidant enzyme activities are increased. The median lifespan of Ctf1-null mice is increased by 5 month (18%) [23172930]. Wild-type and Ctf1-null mice exhibit an increase of senescence markers (p53, Mdm2, p21, and p16) with age but are lower in Ctf1-null mice. Ctf1-null mice have a diminished vascular NFκB signaling, lower inflammation and oxidative stress and reduced senescence. Ctf1-null mice have a 12% increase in body weight, 130% increased adiponectin levels and 51% decreased leptin concentrations [23172930]. Mouse +18
    Lep knockout Lep knockout results in ob/ob mice which eats excessively and becomes profoundly obese. ob/ob mice live shorter on ad libitum, but achieve a lifespan similiar to control levels under DR, yet their precentage of body fat is much greater that that of controls [6608731]. Mouse
    Acacb knockout Acacb-null animals (alias Acc2-/-) exhibit upon regular diet an increase triglyceride breakdown, leaner phenotype, increased insulin sensitivity and no effect on lifespan [17923673]. Mouse
    Ercc2 mutation Mutations in Ercc2 increases cancer incidence and appear to accelerate ageing. Homozyogus mutation of Ercc2 results in an extreme shortening (71%) of lifespan (mean lifespan = 7 months) relative to wild-type (mean lifespan = 24 months) [de Boer et al. 2002]. The shortened lifespan of the mutant mouse is accompanied by symptoms of premature aging including osteoporosis, early greying, cahexia, and infertility. It provides a mouse model for the britte hair disorder trichothiodystrophy (TTD) as it phenotypes include britte hair, UV sensitivity, and developmental defects [9651581]. Mouse -71
    Trp63 knockout Heterozygous Trp632 mutant mice have a shortened lifespan (by 21.5%) and display features of accelerated aging [16107615]. The decreased longevity in Trp63(+/-) mice is almost identical to that of Trp53(+/m) mice in which enhanced Trp53 activity provides resistance to spontaneous tumors while simultaneously accelerating aging [16107615]. Trp63(+/-) are not susceptible to spontaneous tumors [16107615]. Mouse -21.5
    Heterozyogus Trp53 truncation mutation Mice heterozyogous for an allele of p53 that removes the 5' portion of the protein demonstrate decreased cancer, permature aging phenotypes, and shortened lifespan in the mixed inbred C57BL/6–129/Sv background. It has been proposed that the this allele of p53 results in increased activity/overexpression [11780111]. Mouse
    Top3b knockout Homozygous disruption of Top3b results in a normal development but a shorter lifespan (by approximately 70%) accompanied by lesions in multiple organs in C57BL/6 [11331780]. Mouse -70
    Terc deletion Telomerase null mice exhibit age-dependent telomere shortening and shortened lifespan with succeeding generations. Median lifespan is reduced by 26% in G6 Terc(-/-) mice compared to wild-type or G1-G3 Terc(-/-) (18 months vs. 24 months). G6 Tec(-/-) display hair greying, hair loss, and ulcerative skin lesions, as well as impaired response to wound healing and hematoitopitic ablation, and an increased incidence of cancer [10089885]. Cells from Terc(-/-) mice (G4 and upward) exhibit chromosomes lacking detectable teloemre repeats, aneuplody, and end-to-end fusions [9335332]. Mouse -26
    Sod2 heterozyogous knockout Life-long reduction in MnSOD activity leads to increased levels of oxidative DNA damage and increase cancer incidience, but does not appear to affect aging. Sod2(+/-) mice that have a 50% reduction in MnSOD activity in all tissues throughout the life have increased oxidative damage as evidenced by significantly elevated levels of 8-oxo-2-deoxyguanosine in nuclear DNA (in all tissues) as well as in mitochondrial DNA (in lver and brain). Increased oxidative damage to DNA is associated with a 100% increase in tumor incidience in old Sod2(+/-) mice. However, mean and maximum lifespan of Sod2(+/-) and wild-type mice is identical. Biomarkers of aging, such as catarct formation, immune response, and formation of glycooxidation products carboxylmethyl lysine and pentosidine in skin collagen changes with age to the same extent in both wild-type and Sod2(+/-) mice. Sod2(+/-);Gpx(-/-) animals exhibit no reduction in lifespan, despite increased levels of oxidative damage and neoplasms as well as tumorgenesis [19776219]. Mouse
    Sod2 homozygous knockout Sod2(-/-) mice are born smaller, pale and less vigorous, and die with 7-10 days. The major problems are dilated cardiomyopathy, accumulaiton of lipid in various tissues particularly liver and skeletal muscle, and metabolic acidosis [7493016]. In another strain background Sod2(-/-) mice have severe anemia, degeneration of neurons in the basal ganglia and brainstem, and progressive weakness, fatigue, and cricling behavior [8790408]. Treatment of Sod(-/-) mice with superoxide dismuate/catalase mimetics (EUK-8, EUK-134, or EUK-189) partially rescues the short lifespan (mean lifespan 14-28 days) and other phenotypes [9462746]. Mouse
    Sirt1 knockout Sirt1 knock-out mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) have a significant greater replicative capacity in culture. p19ARF levels are significantly reduced in Sirt1 knock-out MEFs [16054100]. Sirt1-null mice do not exhibit lifespan extension upon Dietary Restriction [18335035]. Mouse
    Rgn knockout Survival among make animals lacking Rgn (alias SMP30) is 50% at 180 days compared to 100% among controls [N. Maruyama, unpublished data]. SMP30-/- mutant mice are indstuguishibale form their SMP30+/+ littermates in terms of development and fertilization capacity [12368201]. However, -/- mice were more susceptible to liver injury after treatment with anti-FAS antibody. SMP30-/- hepatocytes cultures in vitro are more susceptible to apoptosis induced by tumor-necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) plus actinomycin D (ActD) than SMP30+/+ hepatocytes. Mouse
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    • 25 of 45 interventions
    Interventions are an extension of GenAge and GenDR.