Mutations in DNA replication genes reduce yeast life span.

Authors: Hoopes LL; Budd M; Choe W; Weitao T; Campbell JL

Abstract: Surprisingly, the contribution of defects in DNA replication to the determination of yeast life span has never been directly investigated. We show that a replicative yeast helicase/nuclease, encoded by DNA2 and a member of the same helicase subfamily as the RecQ helicases, is required for normal life span. All of the phenotypes of old wild-type cells, for example, extended cell cycle time, age-related transcriptional silencing defects, and nucleolar reorganization, occur after fewer generations in dna2 mutants than in the wild type. In addition, the life span of dna2 mutants is extended by expression of an additional copy of SIR2 or by deletion of FOB1, which also increase wild-type life span. The ribosomal DNA locus and the nucleolus seem to be particularly sensitive to defects in dna2 mutants, although in dna2 mutants extrachromosomal ribosomal circles do not accumulate during the aging of a mother cell. Several other replication mutations, such as rad27 Delta, encoding the FEN-1 nuclease involved in several aspects of genomic stability, also show premature aging. We propose that replication fork failure due to spontaneous, endogenous DNA damage and attendant genomic instability may contribute to replicative senescence. This may imply that the genomic instability, segmental premature aging symptoms, and cancer predisposition associated with the human RecQ helicase diseases, such as Werner, Bloom, and Rothmund-Thomson syndromes, are also related to replicative stress.

Keywords: Adenosine Triphosphatases/*genetics; Aging; DNA Helicases/*genetics; DNA Replication/*genetics; *DNA-Binding Proteins; Endodeoxyribonucleases/genetics; Flap Endonucleases; Fungal Proteins/genetics; Histone Deacetylases/genetics; Mutation; *Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins; *Silent Information Regulator Proteins, Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Sirtuin 1; Sirtuin 2; Sirtuins; Trans-Activators/genetics; Yeasts/*physiology
Journal: Molecular and cellular biology
Volume: 22
Issue: 12
Pages: 4136-46
Date: May 25, 2002
PMID: 12024027
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Hoopes LL, Budd M, Choe W, Weitao T, Campbell JL (2002) Mutations in DNA replication genes reduce yeast life span. Molecular and cellular biology 22: 4136-46.

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