Authors: Rogina B; Helfand SL
Abstract: Calorie restriction can extend life span in a variety of species including mammals, flies, nematodes, and yeast. Despite the importance of this nearly universal effect, little is understood about the molecular mechanisms that mediate the life-span-extending effect of calorie restriction in metazoans. Sir2 is known to be involved in life span determination and calorie restriction in yeast mother cells. In nematodes increased Sir2 can extend life span, but a direct link to calorie restriction has not been demonstrated. We now report that Sir2 is directly involved in the calorie-restriction life-span-extending pathway in Drosophila. We demonstrate that an increase in Drosophila Sir2 (dSir2) extends life span, whereas a decrease in dSir2 blocks the life-span-extending effect of calorie reduction or rpd3 mutations. These data lead us to propose a genetic pathway by which calorie restriction extends life span and provides a framework for genetic and pharmacological studies of life span extension in metazoans.Keywords: Animals; Caloric Restriction; Drosophila Proteins/*genetics/*physiology; Drosophila melanogaster/*genetics/*physiology; Female; Gene Expression; Genes, Insect; Histone Deacetylase 1; Histone Deacetylases/*genetics/*physiology; Longevity/*genetics/*physiology; Male; Models, Biological; Mutation; Repressor Proteins; Sirtuins/*genetics/*physiology; Transcription Factors/genetics/physiology
Journal: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Date: Nov. 3, 2004
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Rogina B, Helfand SL (2004) Sir2 mediates longevity in the fly through a pathway related to calorie restriction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101: 15998-6003.