Authors: Barros MH; Bandy B; Tahara EB; Kowaltowski AJ
Abstract: Increased replicative longevity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae because of calorie restriction has been linked to enhanced mitochondrial respiratory activity. Here we have further investigated how mitochondrial respiration affects yeast life span. We found that calorie restriction by growth in low glucose increased respiration but decreased mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production relative to oxygen consumption. Calorie restriction also enhanced chronological life span. The beneficial effects of calorie restriction on mitochondrial respiration, reactive oxygen species release, and replicative and chronological life span could be mimicked by uncoupling agents such as dinitrophenol. Conversely, chronological life span decreased in cells treated with antimycin (which strongly increases mitochondrial reactive oxygen species generation) or in yeast mutants null for mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (which removes superoxide radicals) and for RTG2 (which participates in retrograde feedback signaling between mitochondria and the nucleus). These results suggest that yeast aging is linked to changes in mitochondrial metabolism and oxidative stress and that mild mitochondrial uncoupling can increase both chronological and replicative life span.Keywords: Mitochondria/*physiology; Oxygen Consumption/*physiology; Reactive Oxygen Species/*metabolism; Saccharomyces cerevisiae/*physiology; Time Factors
Journal: The Journal of biological chemistry
Date: Sept. 24, 2004
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Barros MH, Bandy B, Tahara EB, Kowaltowski AJ (2004) Higher respiratory activity decreases mitochondrial reactive oxygen release and increases life span in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The Journal of biological chemistry 279: 49883-8.