Ribosomal proteins Rpl10 and Rps6 are potent regulators of yeast replicative life span.

Authors: Chiocchetti A; Zhou J; Zhu H; Karl T; Haubenreisser O; Rinnerthaler M; Heeren G; Oender K; Bauer J; Hintner H; Breitenbach M; Breitenbach-Koller L

Abstract: The yeast ribosome is composed of two subunits, the large 60S subunit (LSU) and the small 40S subunit (SSU) and harbors 78 ribosomal proteins (RPs), 59 of which are encoded by duplicate genes. Recently, deletions of the LSU paralogs RPL31A and RPL6B were found to increase significantly yeast replicative life span (RLS). RPs Rpl10 and Rps6 are known translational regulators. Here, we report that heterozygosity for rpl10Delta but not for rpl25Delta, both LSU single copy RP genes, increased RLS by 24%. Deletion of the SSU RPS6B paralog, but not of the RPS6A paralog increased replicative life span robustly by 45%, while deletion of both the SSU RPS18A, and RPS18B paralogs increased RLS moderately, but significantly by 15%. Altering the gene dosage of RPL10 reduced the translating ribosome population, whereas deletion of the RPS6A, RPS6B, RPS18A, and RPS18B paralogs produced a large shift in free ribosomal subunit stoichiometry. We observed a reduction in growth rate in all deletion strains and reduced cell size in the SSU RPS6B, RPS6A, and RPS18B deletion strains. Thus, reduction of gene dosage of RP genes belonging to both the 60S and the 40S subunit affect lifespan, possibly altering the aging process by modulation of translation.

Keywords: Cell Count; Cell Division/genetics; Cell Size; Gene Deletion; Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal/genetics; Genes, Fungal/genetics; Heterozygote; Models, Genetic; Protein Biosynthesis/genetics; Ribosomal Protein S6/*genetics; Ribosomal Proteins/*genetics; Ribosomes/genetics; Saccharomyces cerevisiae/*genetics/growth & development; Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins/*genetics
Journal: Experimental gerontology
Volume: 42
Issue: 4
Pages: 275-86
Date: Dec. 19, 2006
PMID: 17174052
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Chiocchetti A, Zhou J, Zhu H, Karl T, Haubenreisser O, Rinnerthaler M, Heeren G, Oender K, Bauer J, Hintner H, Breitenbach M, Breitenbach-Koller L (2007) Ribosomal proteins Rpl10 and Rps6 are potent regulators of yeast replicative life span. Experimental gerontology 42: 275-86.

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