An in vitro model of caloric restriction.

Authors: de Cabo R; Fürer-Galbán S; Anson RM; Gilman C; Gorospe M; Lane MA

Abstract: The mechanisms underlying the ability of caloric restriction (CR) to extend life span and enhance stress responsiveness remain elusive. Progress in this area has been slow due to the complexities of using animals for CR studies and assessing life span as the measure of CR effectiveness. It is therefore of great interest to develop in vitro models of CR. Here we use sera obtained from either Fisher 344 rats or Rhesus monkeys that were fed ad libitum (AL) or CR diets to culture various cell types. We show that treatment of cultured cells with CR sera caused reduced cell proliferation, enhanced tolerance to oxidants and heat, and heightened expression of stress-response genes. These phenotypic features mirror the effects of CR in animals. Supplementation of CR serum with insulin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 partially restored the proliferative and stress-response phenotype that was seen in cells cultured with AL serum, indicating that reduced levels of insulin and IGF-1 likely contribute to the CR-related effects. This in vitro cell culture model recapitulates key in vivo proliferative and stress-response phenotypic features of CR, and further suggests that endocrine mechanisms contribute to the enhanced stress responsiveness observed in CR animals.

Keywords: Animals; *Caloric Restriction; Cell Division/drug effects/physiology; HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism; Hepatocytes/cytology/drug effects/metabolism; Hydrogen Peroxide/pharmacology; Insulin/pharmacology; Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/pharmacology; Longevity/*physiology; Macaca mulatta; Male; *Models, Biological; Oxidative Stress/drug effects/physiology; Rats; Rats, Inbred F344; Tumor Cells, Cultured
Journal: Experimental gerontology
Volume: 38
Issue: 6
Pages: 631-9
Date: June 20, 2003
PMID: 12814798
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de Cabo R, Fürer-Galbán S, Anson RM, Gilman C, Gorospe M, Lane MA (2003) An in vitro model of caloric restriction. Experimental gerontology 38: 631-9.

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