The human body as well as that of other animals (Species) is highly structured into organs and tissues which serve specific functions. Tissue is the organizational level intermediate between cells and organs system which compose the whole organism. All the tissues and cell types defined in an animal organism are hierarchical structured and shall be fully described. o

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  • name description synonyms
    amygdaloid nucleus The la (singular: la; also la; Latin, from Greek el, grc-Latn, 'almond', 'tonsil', listed in the Gray's Anatomy as the nucleus amygdalæ) are almond-shaped groups of nuclei located deep within the medial temporal lobes of the brain in complex vertebrates, including humans. Shown in research to perform a primary role in the processing and memory of emotional reactions, the amygdalae are considered part of the limbic system [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amygdala].
    central amygdaloid nucleus A nucleus in the corticomedial part of the amygdaloid body, providing the major relay for projections from the amygdala to the brainstem and also receiving numerous return projections [Brenda].
    medial amygdaloid nucleus A nucleus in the corticomedial part of the amygdaloid body [Brenda].
    cortical amygdaloid nucleus A nucleus in the corticomedial part of the amygdaloid body [Brenda]. nucleus amygdalae corticalis
    superior colliculi The optic tectum or simply tectum is a paired structure that forms a major component of the vertebrate midbrain. In mammals this structure is more commonly called the superior colliculus (Latin, upper hill), but, even in mammals, the adjective tectal is commonly used. The tectum is a layered structure, with a number of layers that vary by species. The superficial layers are sensory-related, and receive input from the eyes as well as other sensory systems. The deep layers are motor-related, capable of activating eye movements as well as other responses. There are also intermediate layers, with multi-sensory cells and motor properties [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superior_colliculus].
    inferior colliculi The inferior colliculus (IC) (Latin, lower hill) is the principal midbrain nucleus of the auditory pathway and receives input from several more peripheral brainstem nuclei in the auditory pathway, as well as inputs from the auditory cortex. The inferior colliculus has three subdivisions: the central nucleus (CIC), a dorsal cortex (DCIC) by which it is surrounded, and an external cortex (ICX) which is located laterally. Its bimodal neurons are implied in auditory-somatosensory interaction, receiving projections from somatosensory nuclei. This multisensory integration may underlie a filtering of self-effected sounds from vocalisation, chewing, or respiration activities [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inferior_colliculus].
    medial Medial of, refres to relating to, or situated in, or extending toward the middle; median [TheFreeDictionary: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/medial].
    lateral Lateral of, refers to relating to, or situated at or on the side [TheFreeDictionary: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/lateral].
    superior vestibular nuclei The superior vestibular nucleus (Bechterew's nucleus) is the dorso-lateral part of the vestibular nucleus and receives collaterals and terminals from the ascending branches of the vestibular nerve. Its axons terminate in much the same manner as do those from the lateral nucleus [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superior_vestibular_nucleus]. Bechterew's nucleus
    inferior vestibular nuclei The inferior vestibular nucleus is the vestibular nucleus which lies near the fourth ventricle [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inferior_vestibular_nucleus].
    interstitial An interstitial space or interstice is an empty space or gap between spaces full of structure or matter [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interstitial].
    dorsal In anatomy, the dorsum is the upper side of animals that typically run, fly, or swim in a horizontal position, and the back side of animals (like humans) that walk upright. In vertebrates the dorsum contains the backbone. The term dorsal refers to anatomical structures that are either situated toward or grow off that side of an animal. The opposite side of the animal is described with the terms ventrum and ventral [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorsum_(anatomy)].
    ventral Standard anatomical terms of location are designations employed in science that deal with the anatomy of animals to avoid ambiguities that might otherwise arise. They are not language-specific, and thus require no translation. They are universal terms that may be readily understood by zoologists who speak any language [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anatomical_terms_of_location].
    superior salivatory nuclei The superior salivary nucleus (or superior salivatory nucleus) of the facial nerve is a visceromotor cranial nerve nucleus located in the pontine tegmentum. Parasympathetic efferent fibers of the facial nerve (preganglionic fibers) arise according to some authors from the small cells of the facial nucleus, or according to others from a special nucleus of cells scattered in the reticular formation, dorso-medial to the facial nucleus. This is sometimes called the superior salivatory nucleus. These preganglionic fibers are distributed partly via the chorda tympani and lingual nerves to the submandibular ganglion, thence by postganglionic (vasodilator) fibers to the submandibular gland and sublingual gland. Some of the preganglionic fibers travel along the greater petrosal nerve through the pterygoid canal (where they join the postsynaptic fibers of the deep petrosal nerve and are called the Vidian nerve) and synapse in the pterygopalatine ganglion, whereupon the postganglionic, postsynaptic, efferent fibers travel to innervate the lacrimal gland and the mucosal glands of the nose, palate, and pharynx. The term "lacrimal nucleus" is sometimes used to refer to a portion of the superior salivary nucleus [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superior_salivary_nucleus]. superior salivary nucleus
    inferior salivatory nuclei In the brain, the inferior salivatory nucleus is a cluster of neurons controlling the parasympathetic input to the parotid gland. It is one of the components of the glossopharyngeal nerve (cranial nerve IX) [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inferior_salivatory_nucleus]. inferior salivatory nucleus
    nucleus of the spinal tract The spinal trigeminal nucleus is a nucleus in the medulla that receives information about deep/crude touch, pain, and temperature from the ipsilateral face. The facial (cranial nerve 7), glossopharyngeal (CN9), and vagus nerves (CN10) also convey pain information from their areas to the spinal trigeminal nucleus. Thus the spinal trigeminal nucleus receives input from cranial nerves 5,7,9,10. This nucleus projects to the ventral posterior medial nucleus in the dorsal thalamus [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinal_trigeminal_nucleus]. spinal trigeminal nucleus
    motor The term motor refers to a muscle, nerve, or center that effects or produces motion [TheFreeDictionary: http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/motor].
    principal sensory The principal sensory nucleus (or chief sensory nucleus of V) is a group of second order neurons which have cell bodies in the dorsal Pons. It receives information about discriminative sensation and light touch of the face as well as conscious proprioception of the jaw via first order neurons of CN V. Most of the sensory information crosses the midline and travels to the contralateral ventral posteriomedial (VPM) of the thalamus via the Ventral trigeminothalamic tract. However, information of the oral cavity travels to the ipsilateral Ventral Posteriomedial (VPM) of the thalamus via the Dorsal trigeminothalamic tract [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Principal_sensory_nucleus_of_trigeminal_nerve]. principal sensory nucleus of trigeminal nerve
    inferior olivary nuclei The inferior olivary nucleus is the largest nucleus situated in the olivary body, part of the medulla oblongata [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inferior_olivary_nucleus]. inferior olivary nucleus
    medial accessory The medial accessory olivary nucleus (MAO) lies between the primary olivary nucleus and the pyramid, and forms a curved lamina, the concavity of which is directed laterally [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olivary_body]. medial accessory olivary nucleus
    dorsal accessory The dorsal accessory olivary nucleus (DAO) is the smallest, and appears on transverse section as a curved lamina behind the primary olivary nucleus [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olivary_body]. dorsal accessory olivary nucleus
    spiral organ of Corti The organ of Corti (or spiral organ) is the organ in the inner ear of mammals that contains auditory sensory cells, or "hair cells. [Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organ_of_Corti].
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